Statutory guidance for governing bodies, proprietors, head teachers, principals, senior leadership teams, teachers.
We need to look at delivering Online Safety through different subjects but we need to be joined up concerning the message. This document has references to Online Safety and what we need to be concentrating on.
Pupils should know:
• that people sometimes behave differently online, including by pretending to be someone they are not.
• that the same principles apply to online relationships as to face to face relationships, including the importance of respect for others online including when we are anonymous.
• the rules and principles for keeping safe online, how to recognise risks, harmful content and contact, and how to report them.
• how to critically consider their online friendships and sources of information including awareness of the risks associated with people they have never met.
• how information and data are shared and used online.
Internet safety should also be addressed. Pupils should be taught the rules and principles for keeping safe online. This will include how to recognise risks, harmful content and contact, and how and to whom to report issues. Pupils should have a strong understanding of how data is generated, collected, shared and used online, for example, how personal data is captured on social media or understanding the way that businesses may exploit the data available to them.
By the end of secondary school:
Online and media
Pupils should know:
• their rights, responsibilities and opportunities online, including that the same expectations of behaviour apply in all contexts, including online.
• about online risks, including that any material someone provides to another has the potential to be shared online and the difficulty of removing potentially compromising material placed online.
• not to provide material to others that they would not want to be shared further and not to share personal material which is sent to them.
• what to do and where to get support to report material or manage issues online.
• the impact of viewing harmful content.
• that specifically sexually explicit material e.g. pornography presents a distorted picture of sexual behaviours, can damage the way people see themselves in relation to others and negatively affect how they behave towards sexual partners.
• that sharing and viewing indecent images of children (including those created by children) is a criminal offence which carries severe penalties including jail.
• how information and data are generated, collected, shared and
Internet safety and harms
Pupils should know:
• that for most people the internet is an integral part of life and has many benefits.
• about the benefits of rationing time spent online, the risks of excessive time spent on electronic devices and the impact of positive and negative content online on their own and others’ mental and physical wellbeing.
• how to consider the effect of their online actions on others and know how to recognise and display respectful behaviour online and the importance of keeping personal information private.
• why social media, some computer games and online gaming, for example, are age restricted.
• that the internet can also be a negative place where online abuse, trolling, bullying and harassment can take place, which can have a negative impact on mental health.
• how to be a discerning consumer of information online including an understanding that information, including that from search engines, is ranked, selected and targeted.
• where and how to report concerns and get support with issues
• the similarities and differences between the online world and the physical world, including: the impact of unhealthy or obsessive comparison with others online (including through setting unrealistic expectations for body image), how people may curate a specific image of their life online, over-reliance on online relationships including social media, the risks related to online gambling including the accumulation of debt, how advertising and information is targeted at them and how to be a discerning
consumer of information online.
• how to identify harmful behaviours online (including bullying, abuse or harassment) and how to report, or find support, if they have been affected by those behaviours.
Delivery and teaching strategies
The national curriculum for computing aims to ensure that all pupils can understand and apply the fundamental principles and concepts of computer science, including logic, algorithms and data representation. It also covers e-safety, with progression in the content to reflect the different and escalating risks that young people face as they get older. This includes how to use technology safely, responsibly, respectfully and securely, how to keep personal information private, and where to go for help and support.
Sources of Information
Education for a Connected World is the UK Council for Internet safety (UKCCIS)
framework of digital knowledge and skills for different ages and stages.
Sexting advice from UKCCIS for schools on preventative education and managing
reports of sexting.
Thinkuknow is the education programme from the National Crime Agency (NCA) and Child Exploitation Online Programme (CEOP), which protects children both online and offline.The site offers materials for parents, teachers and pupils on a wide range of online safety issues and facts about areas such as digital footprints, recognising fake websites and checking URLs.